Etosha National Park
The Etosha National Park is one of Namibia’s most iconic and best known locations, behind the Skeleton Coast. The vast salt pans, some 75 miles by 55 miles, at the heart of the park, were formerly an ancient lake that dried up as the result of a geological shift that dramatically changed the course of the Kunene River. Today the Etosha pan is mostly bone dry, the stark, parched white surface giving Etosha, its Herero name – “Great White Place”. The Etosha does receive a limited amount of annual rainfall and is fed by a few small rivers, leading to its salty waters creating a rich growth of algae that attracts a million or more flamingos. The edges of the pan give way to a surprising variety of vegetation types: from woodland and broad swathes of mopane, to open acacia-strewn plains and grasslands.
Fringing the pan are a number of productive waterholes that sustain the high density of large mammal fauna, from elephant and lion to vast herds of springbok, wildebeest, zebra, giraffe and gemsbok.
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