Lying to the south-east of the Okavango Delta and surrounded by the sand of the Kalahari, the Makgadikgadi are a series of salt pans, such as Nxai Pan and Nwetwe Pan with swathes of desert in between, covering an area of in excess of 6,000 square miles. Many millenniums ago the Makgadikgadi was a super lake that dried out following a shift in the geology of the region.
The pans have a dry salty crust for most of the year, and are seasonally covered with water and grass, which turn them into a refuge for birds and animals, including the annual migration of zebra and other plains game and their associated predators, which occurs shortly after their summer from December to April. The climate of the Magkadikgadi is though generally hot and dry and, from May to September, the pans are devoid of much animal life.
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