Climate

The climate of each of the countries we feature on Signature Safaris differ from region to region, let alone country to country and that has a direct bearing on the the type of vegetation (‘biomes’) found in each country and the type, diversity and quantity of wildlife found.

Southern Africa (South Africa, Namibia & Mozambique)  – much of southern Africa is desert with the Kalahari forming large parts of the south-eastern landmass whilst the Namib Desert  forms a strip along the Atlantic Coast of Namibia. The seasons are reversed from Europe with their summer, with days that can be very hot (> 35C but cooler on the coast),  between November to March, which is when most of their rainfall occurs.  The winters are dry and warm but it can get cold (> 5C) at night, especially in the areas close to the Kalahari and the Namib Desert where temperatures can fall close to freezing.

Central Southern Africa (Botswana, Malawi & Zambia) – these land-locked countries exhibit very similar climatic patterns to each other, with generally hot (> 30C) summers days, often accompanied by late afternoon thunder storms, between December and March. During this period some parks like the South Luangwa in Zambia can become difficult to move around, and some camps close. The winters are generally warm (> 20C) with dry sunny days although at night the temperatures can drop to < 10C or colder in and around the Kalahari. Zambia tends to have cool, rather than cold evenings.

Eastern Africa (Tanzania & Kenya) – being sighted close to the equator, the climates here tend to move within far smaller ranges than in southern and southern central Africa, with an annual day time range of  between 25C & 30C, with winter night time temperatures in low double digits. Regional differences occur in the highlands and on the coast.

The region has two distinct wet seasons with the short rains in November and the longer rains from late-March to mid-May.

Western Africa (Republic of Congo) – with much of the country covered with rainforest the amount of rainfall in the Congo is unsurprisingly high, falling two distinct seasons between January & May and October to December.  The north, where Ngaga and Lango camps are located receives more rainfall than the south of the country. The temperatures are pretty constant throughout the year with average daytime maximums of around 30C and night-time of around 20C. The humidity throughout the year rarely changes from 70%. Light, easy dry clothing is recommended

For more detailed information on each country please look here, or call us on 01342 811787.